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(B) Annually, all students shall be required to take all tests appropriate for their specified grade level during the designated testing or make-up testing periods unless a student is excused from taking a particular test such as an Ohio graduation test in accordance with paragraph (D) of this rule, or for one of the following reasons:
(1) A student has already scored at the proficient level on the Ohio achievement test in grade three reading in October, and, as a result, a participating school has determined that the student is not required to take that test again during the spring administration; or
(2) A student is properly authorized to take an alternate assessment pursuant to rule 3301-13-03 of the Administrative Code or rule 3301-13-09 of the Administrative Code; or
(3) A student has a serious medical emergency caused by circumstances beyond the participating school’s control when a student cannot be assessed at any time during the testing session due to a significant medical emergency (e.g. a student is hospitalized due to an accident); or
(4) A student is enrolled in a subject-area accelerated program in a participating school and is taking a course in high school at an accelerated grade level. The specific test requirements are based up on the number of years that the student has been enrolled in the acceleration program as follows:
[Source: Parents and Kids Against Standardized Testing - Discussion - Ohio]


[Information as of March 20, 2012]
From the 'Ohio Statewide Assessment Program Rules Book'...

Home Education or Home School

A home-education (may be called home-schooled) student is a student receiving instruction outside of an established school environment. Such a student is not enrolled full time in a school and does not receive an Ohio diploma after successful completion of all curriculum requirements. Since a home-education student is not part of a school’s full-time enrollment, he or she is not required to take statewide tests. Although not required to do so, both the school district and the home-education student’s parent may mutually agree to allow a home-education student to take any of the tests; however, the tests must be taken under the same rules and procedures as an enrolled student, with the district ultimately making the final decision.

A district who allows a home-education student to take a statewide assessment with the district-enrolled students should use the code 999999 for the IRN to keep the home-education student’s results separate from the district-enrolled students’ results.

Required Statewide Assessments for Home-Education/Home School Students

If a home-education/home school student is enrolled in a public school in a course (e.g., language arts, mathematics, social studies or science) in which there is a statewide test at that grade, the student is required to take that test. If a home-education/home school student is enrolled only in a course in which there is no statewide test (e.g., art), the student would not be required to take any statewide tests but may do so if the district permits it and the parent agrees.

Districts and home-education/home school parents and providers should understand that all enrolled students, including part-time students, are part of the EMIS reporting and are counted in the school and district aggregate numbers.

Source: Dave Wolf